This research paper, titled “Parliamentary questions: comparative analysis of the Municipal Affairs Committees in Central America and the Dominican Republic”, analyzes the questioning behavior in presidential systems without legislative majorities – divided government –, from the theoretical perspective of the relations between the Executive and the Legislative Power.
In order to evaluate the performance of the opposition it is very important to study the capacity and intensity of the use of control instruments, both formal and informal, and the impact those instruments have. Capacity is understood as the facility to access these mechanisms, also when this access implies an effective exercise of control. For its part, the intensity varies according to the recurrence of the use of these control mechanisms.
The paper will study the formal and informal incentives that determine the use of parliamentary questions – as an oversight instrument of parliament –, applied to the case of Municipal Affairs Committees, in seven countries (Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and Dominican Republic).